I have a personal experience importing a CPAP to treat sleep apnea. This device is medically necessary for people with sleep apnea to help prevent that damaging effects to the body from this condition. It is common to buy a CPAP in other countries used and save a lot of money from the ~2,000 USD list price for a new unit. Used units can usually be bought for 200-300 USD. In Indonesia it is illegal to import a used medical device. So that market is immediately cut off from the consumer. Importing a new device is the only option and even though it is a medically necessary device, the import tax rate is the same as luxury electronic items. Indonesia does not produce a CPAP machine so the only choice is to import. Bad news for the consumer in need of a medical device.
I suppose they are supporting the travel industry, as the obvious solution is to travel overseas for a used one and bring it back in hand-luggage.